The Collection of MACRO is conceived as an organism in constant growth and transformation. It is cyclically exposed through thematic routes that value, from time to time, richness and multiplicity of contemporary art, in spaces specifically dedicated to it, in the oldest wing of the building.

This heritage includes over 1,200 artworks produced between 1960 and today.

In its history, one of its composition and its increase, it is possible to recognise three well defined phases: the first from 1960 to 1994, the year of the opening of the Galleria Comunale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea in Via Francesco Crispi, the second from 1994 to 2002, the year of the inauguration of MACRO, the third from 2002 to today.

The acquisitions in the '60s were often from exhibit-competition, exhibitions, awards, donations of associations or charities. However, in 1994, the inauguration of Galleria Comunale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, under the direction of Giovanna Bonasegale, marks a double change: not only the restoration of the collection with the artworks "scattered" in various locations and finally exposed to the public, but also a new acquisitions policy based on a qualitative rigour. The exhibition project Arte Contemporanea Lavori in Corso – a festival between 1997 and 2000 - selected, in ten exhibitions, artworks by 127 artists working in Rome, which become part of the collection.

In 2002, during the succession of different directions, the birth of MACRO introduces new elements in the museum strategies: an international dimension in the exhibition line and its act as an active player in the production of contemporary artworks and projects .

Moreover, in recent years, the Museum contributed to the steady growth of the collection through loans, extended loans and donations, by establishing close and continuous relationships with important partners, institutions, foundations, archives and private collectors. In particular, the partnership with Unicredit has allowed the creation of an important installation in extended loan by Daniel Buren, Danza tra Triangoli e Losanghe per tre colori, specifically created for the museum.

Even if far from representing all authors and artistic currents of contemporary art, however, this heritage contains a selection of great value and interest artworks, as those by Mimmo Rotella, Ettore Colla, Gastone Novelli, Tano Festa, Leoncillo, Titina Maselli for 60s. the most significant artworks for 70s are sculptures, like those by Nicola Carrino or Lorenzo Guerrini. The 80s, not a lot present in the collection, however participating with an artwork by the original research of Maria Lai. Instead, the 90s received lymph mainly from the acquisitions of Lavori in Corso, and are represented very well. How was in the intent, the artworks are all by artists from Rome or Roman area: Dorazio, Castellani, Fioroni, Mauri, Uncini, Montessori, Baruchello, Giovannoni, Asdrubali, Dessì, Cucchi and Accardi, adding the two of Sottilissime by Pietro Consagra, in the collection only from 2010.

The most recent appearances of the XXI century reflect the policy of opening undertaken in the last decade towards the international scenario and the young generation. Artworks with a very different expressive point of view renew and contaminate the research in the various techniques. For the sculpture will highlight the Colonna by Giovanni Albanese, the Cani By Velasco Vitali, the artworks in pressed paper of Arcangelo Sassolino and Waiting for Godot by the international artist Marc Quinn. For photography Carlo Benvenuto, Michael Rovner, Luigi Ontani and Alfredo Jaar with his light boxes or the photos of performers like Sissi and Guendalina Salini. Among the installations it is possible to find the works of Nemanja Cvjanovic and Massimo Bartolini. The variety of the last acquisitions is also represented by the large wax artworks by Domenico Bianchi and Alessandro Piangiamore, the video installations by Sara Ciracì, Avish Kkebrehzadeh and Alessandra Tesi, or the neon artworks by Claire Fontaine, Junod Ponsard and Arthur Duff, these last two in permanent exhibition.

The artworks of the authors herein mentioned are largely reproduced in the site. Others will be added in the upcoming exhibitions dedicated to the collection.

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